Final year Project Details

Biomedical Engineering
TitleAreaAbstractProgram / DepartmentGroup Member
A method to relief fatigue from muscles using electrical muscle stimulatorHealthcareThe daily life activities of human being to improve the living environment affect the health of individual’s muscles which needs a sustainable aid. However, researches have shown that electrical muscle stimulation can be used to increase muscle strength, smooth voluntary motor function, in the retardation and re-education of the muscles, and in increasing blood circulation. Therapeutic electrical stimulation improves neuromuscular functional condition by strengthening muscles, increasing motor control, reducing spasticity, decreasing pain and increasing range of motion. Electrical stimulation provokes muscle contraction and thereby produces a functionally useful movement during stimulation. Most of the equipment used to detect this is usually expensive. With this main goal, the contribution of this work to design of a low-cost device that will assist reliably in muscle fatigue is done. In this research, we design a therapeutic electrical simulation system to estimate the activity of any muscle in the human body. Such device can aid in muscular rehabilitation process and physical therapy process. This system is intended to be an inexpensive, transportable, and easy to maintain device. This system could be implemented in several fields, such as sport, ergonomics, rehabilitation or human-computer interactions. This device sends signals to targeted muscles to contract by generating repeated muscle contractions that stimulate the nerves, causing the twitching effect on the skin and the patient has to take recommended sessions. Depends on the patient’s condition, can start feeling better just after the first session and have to take multiple sessions, depending upon the intensity of the muscle condition and its symptoms. With certain precautions and limits. This all control of Electrical Stimulation device will be controlled through IR remote. Electrical Stimulation (ES) can improve the properties of muscles that might be convenient in the rehabilitation Programmed.Biomedical EngineeringSyed Wajahat Anwar | 2018-BM-51
Maria Sohail | 2018-BM-53
Sana Hussain | 2018-BM-69
Aurangzeb Qureshi | 2018-BM-73
Automated cardiopulmonary resuscitation deviceHealthcareWhen a cardiac arrest occurs, it is necessary to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as soon as possible. This requires maintaining the pressure depth at 1.5 -2 inch at a rate of 100 per mint. For CPR machines, the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is not superior to that of manual CPR, although CPR machines can maintain the compression rate and reciprocal distance of the compression plate more accurately. We design and implement an automated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) device, which could become a critical life-saving equipment of the future. We purpose to employ high torque gear motor for rotatory to rectilinear conversion which can achieve the desire result in a fraction of the exiting market price. The basic idea of the project is localized thumping piston-like-rod above the chest of the patient. We purpose DC motor to achieve this goal. Through this entire apparatus relies heavily on mechanical component like shaft, tie rod end, linear bearing, adjustable stand etc. there is scope to further develop electronic assembly for the same. We add a special feature, to control the motor through pulse oximeter sensor to detect the heart rate.Biomedical EngineeringKashif Iqbal | 2018-BM-50
Daniyal Saleem | 2018-BM-58
M. Azhar Imam | 2018-BM-76
Automatic AudiometerHealthcareThe ear is an organ that is capable of detection and recognition of sound and also plays role in the balancing and positioning of the body. Ears are vulnerable to noise. Hearing can be lost by two common causes, namely (hearing loss) or called as the decreased hearing conduction and (nerve hearing) sensorineural hearing loss. For the prevention of deafness, it is necessary to control hearing. Generally hearing function test is performed by the ENT specialist at hospital. If this may do repeatedly seems ineffective because of time consumption and relatively expensive. Therefore, the device has been designed for the early diagnosis of the loss of hearing. This device is equipped with an Arduino uno control for the prompt display of variation between multiple frequencies and decibel values, for the frequency XR2206 (frequency generator) is used. The functionality of device is overall proper and the error is within the tolerance of 10%. From the measured results, this device can be recommended for diagnosis of hearing function.Biomedical EngineeringM. Rasib | 2018-BM-68
Syed Abdul Hadi | 2018-BM-60
Osama Iqbal | 2018-BM-52
CardiCheck: An Innovation in Health Care MonitoringHealthcareIn the modern era, technology is revolutionizing the health care industry. People are striving for easy and compatible devices. During such times, a device and an application has been developed that collects ECG signals from the body and displays them on the mobile phone's screen respectively. The developed application is designed in android studio’s framework specifically for phones with android operating system and built-in audio jack. The electrical activity of the heart and the associated waveforms are recorded by placing electrodes on the skin. Since the bio signals are very low in voltage an ECG module, AD8232, acquires the bio signals, filters and amplifies them. AD8232 is powered by a rechargeable Lithium battery which provides a constant 3.3v by the use of a voltage regulation circuit. The output of AD8232, ECG signal, is sent to the mobile through the audio pin. The designed application, CardiCheck, displays the signals received on the microphone pin of the audio jack in a voltage waveform. These waveforms can then be used to study the patient's heart condition. This is a compact and user-friendly device that will allow ECG monitoring anytime, anywhere.Biomedical EngineeringHabiba Taher | 2018-BM-01
M. Azib | 2018-BM-13
Dua Amjad | 2018-BM-14
Syed Mustafa Imam | 2018-BM-44
Development of smart chair as a diagnostic toolHealthcareWith the world getting busier and health of the people is at stake, we are proposing an innovative chair named Smart chair as a diagnostic tool. It is a new model of Health Monitoring system for telemedicine and its development is based on sensor technologies. The proposed system assures health care services for people anywhere and anytime. It provides an assessment and continuously monitors the people’s health in their day – to – day work environment. Moreover, it also rapidly identifies and predicts health issues, enabling the subject to be seated in a relaxed posture during the acquisition of physiological signals from various sensors attached to his/her body. The raw signals from the sensors are processed digitally by an onboard microcontroller and analyzed for any common abnormalities in the health parameters via transmitting signals onto the user's phone screen through an Android application. This application receives the data from the Smart Chair via Bluetooth. Remote monitoring of subjects is an innovative way to provide better, instantaneous and low-cost access to healthcare as Internet of Things (IoT) has become an inevitable technology in various industries with the healthcare sector being the most emerging of all. The snapshot of results along with the corresponding text file can be sent as an Email/ MMS to a remote doctor for quick feedback or in case of an emergency, thus facilitating telemedicine at home, office or in rural areas as well. Throughout the design phase of the system, the cost is kept minimal. The key focus of the idea is to propose the design of a product that will be useful and easily affordable by the people of developing nations who have limited access to proper healthcare facilities.
The regular use of this Diagnostic chair will result in an enhanced productivity, improved work factors, and reduced people's risks for chronic diseases such as high blood pressure (BP), physical inactivity, body mass index (BMI) which eventually result in the potential effectiveness in reducing health risks/certain disorders.
Biomedical EngineeringAmmara Aamir | 2018-BM-74
Hafiza Faiza | 2018-BM-78
Mubashara Jabeen | 2018-BM-80
Amna Shaikh | 2018-BM-41
Dialyzer reprocessing unit for patients with ESRDHealthcareHemodialysis is a medical procedure that helps to eliminate waste material from blood. People who are suffering from renal failure or last stage of kidney disease, dialysis are used to cure this situation. The blood filtering happens in a part of the machine called dialyzer, often referred to as an “artificial kidney’’. Dialyzers are made of a thin, fibrous material. The fibers form a semipermeable membrane, which allows smaller particles and liquids to pass through. The main process of purification takes place inside the dialyzer. Dialyzers are available on the commercial market in two disposable and reusable formats. The reusable dialyzer entitled the use of dialyzer maximum 16 times. In this report, we will prototype a low-cost dialyzer reprocessing unit which helps the dialyzer to get cleaned and disinfected. It becomes very expensive to import such machines, so the purpose of this project is trying to minimize the cost for such machines by providing this framework. Dialyzer reprocessing was first used in 1960, in USA. A DRU will ensure the effectiveness of dialyzer and made it cost effective. The dialyzer reprocessing unit cleans the biological liquid and store it with the disinfectant for later use as protection against bacteria. This low-cost dialyzer reprocessing unit uses a microcontroller for process control and water, hydrogen peroxide and renalin/formalin as cleansing and disinfectant.Biomedical EngineeringUmar Yousuf | 2018-BM-20
Kunza Iman | 2018-BM-04
Kainat Fatima | 2018-BM-05
Musawwer Iqbal | 2018-BM-35
Hand Talk-Assertive Device for the Deaf and MuteHealthcareThe formation of sound waves for our voice is an intricate process. It requires the vibration of air particles that are exerted out from our lungs which in turn vibrate the vocal cords and produce the human voice. Unfortunately, not everyone is blessed with this ability. According to a research and development report in 2012, 7.40% of Pakistanis are deaf and mute. To address this problem, we developed our project. Our project utilizes a flex sensor, which detects the changes in flexion and extension of fingers for gesture formation, and an accelerometer that detects the spatial position of the hands during gesture formation. This data is processed by the microprocessor present, in this case, Arduino Nano, when the specific gesture is made a sound is produced with the help of the DF mini-player MP3 module and speaker present.Biomedical EngineeringZara Khan | 2018-BM-47
Zainub Zehra | 2018-BM-48
Faiza Farkhunda | 2018-BM-12
Hira Fayyaz | 2018-BM-26
Integrated Modular Operation RoomHealthcareIntegrated Modular Operation Room basically allows the user’s ability to be enhanced in order to bring the amelioration for the critical condition of the patient in operation room. Therefore, we intend to design a system as a functional addition to an operating room to integrate the control of several devices from a single console for advanced digital operating room. We are designing a circuitry along with an application that is precisely based on IOT (internet of thing) which means we are integrating OR by utilizing a Wi-Fi module that is NodeMCU ESP32. Also, the system we intend to implement would be wireless and comprising of multiple circuitry that is coupled together for the attainment of our goal. By designing this project, we hope to have an alternative system that is deemed to be cost effective would definitely equal to those which are being imported and prove much expensive.Biomedical EngineeringMaaz Hasnain Khan | 2018-BM-34
Mudassir Ali | 2018-BM-23
Zarmeen Asif | 2018-BM-28
Raheel Ahmed | 2018-BM-91
Line Follower robot for sterilization of isolation wards in hospitalsHealthcareOne of the most important aspects of robotics is the line follower robot which is designed to move autonomously on a given path. A line follower robot can be used in various domestic and industrial applications such as delivery services and transportation or carrying goods etc. In the wake of pandemic, line follower robots are evolving in their functionality and now they are also utilized for the purpose of sterilization. Conventionally, domestic staff disinfects the hospital but in the current situation of COVID-19 the staff are at a higher risk of catching the virus. This line follower robot can help us in the sterilization and sanitization of the COVID isolation wards, reducing human contact and ultimately reducing the chances of virus transmission. This robot uses an array of three IR sensors that senses the line, this helps the robot to stay on track. Four DC gear motors are used which control the movement of wheels. The Arduino Uno interface is used to perform and implement algorithms to control the speed of the motors, steering the robot to travel along the line smoothly. This project is designed in such a way that it follows the track and also sterilizes and sanitizes the covered area. We have used a fine spraying mechanism to spray the disinfectant at the same time, U-V LED strips are also used for the sterilization purpose. All of this is precisely controlled using an Arduino UNO microcontroller.Biomedical EngineeringSyeda Muneeba | 2018-BM-10
Bisma Sharmeen | 2018-BM-11
Aiman Khan | 2018-BM-03
Areesha Fatima | 2018-BM-17
Multi-mode physiotherapy device for upper limbsHealthcareMusculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the health industry are quite common, dealing with MSDs improves quality of life and increases productivity. One of the most common practices is having physiotherapy sessions. Physiotherapy involves the holistic approach to the prevention and therapeutic management of pain and disorders of movement. For the non-invasive treatment of motions of muscles and bones multiple separate devices were used which causes loss of time and other resources. Multi-Mode Physiotherapy Device provides 5 advance modes all in one device. Two advanced heating technologies were used to produce desired results. one is thermal pads and the other is Infrared light. We have been successful to create such a device that contain five different modes treat all problems of physiotherapies. All in one device helps reduce time and cost for physiotherapies. It has been tested on a healthy individual’s bicep and wrist muscles that was slightly fatigued due to work related complaint, by using all the five modes of the device. Therefore, the modes are effective and safe in their own manner for the treatment of muscular pain relief.Biomedical EngineeringKomal Zehra | 2018-BM-31
Rabbia Farhat | 2018-BM-64
Fizzah Abbas | 2018-BM-83
Anosha Baig | 2018-BM-88
Patient record disinfection and transportation unit for hospitalsHealthcareBecause of the COVID-19 virus, human lives and livelihoods change extensively and the only way to minimizing the spread of the virus is to maintain social distancing and regularly do sanitization, sterilization and disinfection of our belongings and ourselves. Sanitization and sterilization have become an indistinguishable part of our daily life. Everything needs to be sanitized so that people could stay away from germs. Disinfection describes a process that eliminates many or all pathogenic microorganisms on inanimate objects, with the exception of bacterial spores. Disinfection is usually accomplished by the use of liquid chemicals or wet pasteurization in health care settings. This is why there’s a requirement for system which can be used to disinfect patient files in hospitals which should be designed and construct locally as well as cost effective. Ultraviolet (UV) light in nature is electromagnetic radiation produced by the sun. Ultra violet (UV) light is used for the purpose of disinfection or sterilization of rooms and surfaces. UV light disinfection in hospitals eliminates up to 97.7% of harmful pathogens. The use of ultraviolet light systems is becoming more widely used in healthcare facilities for disinfecting. UV light is employed as it has germicidal properties, in particular bacteria and viruses, but it is detrimental to human-beings as well. So, for the purpose of disinfection without human interference, a disinfection and transportation unit has been designed and implemented.Biomedical EngineeringRushda Amjad | 2018-BM-57
Zoya Saleem | 2018-BM-89
Rabbia Farhan | 2018-BM-16
Huzaifa Sher Muhammad | 2018-BM-84
Portable health tracking system for Covid-19 eraHealthcareCurrently, the COVID-19 pandemic is one of the major global issues faced by health organizations. COVID-19 patients have several symptoms, such as fever, shortness of breath, decrease in oxygen saturation level, dry cough, diarrhea, vomiting, sore throat, headache, loss of taste and smell, body pain, and abnormal pulse rate. Among these symptoms, high fever, low oxygen saturation level, and abnormal pulse rate and respiratory rate are considered serious. Therefore, it is important for COVID-19 patients to be regularly informed about their health condition, especially body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate and oxygen saturation (SpO2). Therefore, during this ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, Internet of Things (IoT) based health monitoring systems are potentially immensely beneficial for COVID-19 patients. This project presents an IoT-based system that is a real-time health monitoring system utilizing the measured values of body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation of the patients, which are the most important measurements required for critical care. This system has an organic light emitting diode (OLED) that shows the measured temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation level and can be easily synchronized with a web page for instant access. IoT-based tools may potentially be valuable during the COVID-19 pandemic for saving people’s lives.Biomedical EngineeringHafsa Israr | 2018-BM-61
Syed Ibad Hasnain | 2018-BM-90
Real-time Tele-Stethoscope SystemHealthcareThis real time tele-stethoscope system is used for the reception of heartbeat of an individual and also visualizing beats of a person so that physician or any individual is able to get a comparative visualization of the normal and abnormal heartbeats of that particular individual through this setup. Our system is cost affective, user friendly and easy to handle. We can further modify our system by using an application through which the audible heartbeats are able to analyze on the screen through application, this would be quite easy for the medical and clinical staffs and also for an individual living in remote areas as well in order to get the proper diagnosis of the patient within no time. So, the patient would receive proper treatment of the diagnosis such as cardiorespiratory diseases.Biomedical EngineeringRubaisha Waqar | 2018-BM-07
Hifza Waqar | 2018-BM-08
Dua Aftab Khan | 2018-BM-65
Screening analysis in diabetic patients using artificial sweeteners based on MATLAB softwareHealthcareSugar is considered as crucial part of diet but its excessive use is not good for human body i.e., teeth and weight scale, also the diabetic patient cannot process sugar in their blood due to scarcity of insulin. Therefore, the replacement of sugar is available in market as artificial sweeteners some of them marketed under names canderel, sucral and splenda having double the taste but less calories. Besides its significant benefits, previous studies on animals have been found to have unfavorable effects including weight gain, cancer, tumors and other health hazards.
Scientist have been divided on this, since there are both supporting studies in its beneficences and in its harmfulness. The use of sugar substitutes is prevailing in both diabetic and non-diabetic people so the health issues are. Therefore, this research was designed on general public to study the side effects of artificial sweeteners in general.
Biomedical EngineeringSyeda Adeen Fatima | 2018-BM-43
Maleeha Jafar | 2018-BM-30
Smart infusion pumpHealthcareThe ongoing corona virus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has swept all over the world, posing a great pressure on critical care resources due to large number of patients needing critical care. The patients are normally in an intensive care situation and their life is directly depending on the performance of a device. So, proposed solution is to namely designing a medical device (smart infusion pump) or drip-feeding pump which is capable of delivering fluids, medications and nutrients into the patient body in smaller or larger amounts. Our device is often considered the most safety-critical medical devices due to the nature of their operation and associated risks. The main objective of this research is to design and develop a cost-efficient infusion pump using embedded system.
Proposed system is a prototype device, compact in size that may resemble or mimic the modern-day infusion pump. The components used in our project are reliable. Furthermore, we are trying to not only to detect the bubble inside the tube but also to remove that bubble and make it cost efficient. Generally, it will work on about 4-5 ranges.
Biomedical EngineeringRaniya Khan | 2018-BM-15
Dua Ali | 2018-BM-45
M. Shoaib Rauf | 2018-BM-49
Mohib Munshi | 2018-BM-77
Ultrasonic and voice-based walking stick for blindHealthcareUltrasonic Voice Based Walking Stick for Blind is an innovative device, which is an initiative to help blind people to resolve the problems faced by them in their daily life. The main objective of the device is to help blind people to walk with complete relieve and self-dependency. The development of smart blind walking stick plays its role in this regard by taking inputs from the environment through different obstacle detection sensors and feedbacks the user about the obstacles in its way to avoid the possible collision and damage between and among them. The feedback is provided by creating different voice alert tracks according to the hurdle through a voice module. The blind stick is integrated with three ultrasonic sensors at specific positions to the cane (stick) that provided information about the environment to the user by activating the buzzer and generating voice command about the obstacle distance, and darkness detector along with Arduino nano. The Ultrasonic Voice Based Walking Stick for Blind automatically detects the obstacle in front of the person by use of sensors present in the systems, it also incorporates darkness detection and alert the non-user by turning on LED light which is placed in front of the stick as well as alert the blind person by the help of voice commands. This report presents the smart walking stick based on ultrasonic sensors for visually impaired people. The purpose of this device is the low cost and light weight system designed with microcontroller that processes signal and alerts the visually impaired person over any obstacle, or dark areas through vibrations or voice commands. The system consists of obstacle and light detection sensors for receiving, processing and sending signals which finally alerts the user for prompt action. The system was designed, programmed using Arduino nano and tested for accuracy and checked by the visually impaired person.Biomedical EngineeringSyeda Areeba Qadri | 2018-BM-42
Sunila Akram | 2018-BM-32
Fatima | 2018-BM-33
Voice controlled wheelchair prototypeHealthcareThe project is based on wheelchair motion control through speech recognition. The main idea behind this innovation was to help and facilitate the movement in the physically disabled, diseased and elderly people who can’t move well. This design will help handicapped or diseased people to operate their wheelchair by using their voices so they can live independently. A handicapped or diseased people having locomotive disabilities need a wheelchair for performing functions that require them to move around. They can also do it manually with their hands but as many of them have weak upper limbs so they need an assistant to operate the wheelchair since it is difficult to have a helper 24 hours so to overcome these limitations it is convenient to provide them a voice control motorized wheelchair. All this must be provided at an affordable cost for as many handicapped or diseased people as possible. With all this in mind, we have designed a voice controlled easy to operate wheelchair prototype. To help facilitate those handicapped and elderly people we also have tried to design a voice control home automation system so such people can control their home appliances and AC power objects with their voices.Biomedical EngineeringAmna Shaikh | 2018-BM-41
Rahima Ismail | 2018-BM-39
Hina Shah | 2018-BM-46
Zainab Irfan | 2018-BM-29
Wireless Transmission for Child Health Monitoring SystemHealthcareWireless transmission for child health monitoring jacket remotes monitoring technologies, aided by wireless data transmission, allow continuous monitoring of a child’s vital signs and introduce the possibility of physiological monitoring in the outpatient setting. The design represents a unique integration of sensor technology; with a reflectance of oxygen saturation, heart rate, and a wearable temperature sensor were proposed to be embedded into the smart jacket. The Wireless Transmission for Child Health Monitoring Jacket gets materials together with inventive clinical definite development; with a huge thought improvement line of bio-clinical things with different clinical applications. The coat would gather all information about the health status, direct and development of the adolescents, through temperature and various prosperity noticing sensors. The data gathered by LM35, MAX30102 is transmitted through Arduino Nano and received by ESP32; the gathered information is displayed on the LCD of the system as well as allowing being observed from a distance using local mobile applications such as “Blink” or by using a similar type of application under any other moniker. The device is rechargeable and embedded with a precautionary cutoff circuit, which also consists of a flame detection sensor and DHT11 for measuring the internal temperature of the system.Biomedical EngineeringNoor Afshan Memon | 2018-BM-86
M. Wajahat | 2018-BM-81
Nabeel Shoaib | 2018-BM-67
Rimsha Azmat | 2018-BM-87
CardiCheck: An Innovation in Health Care MonitoringHealthcareIn the modern era, technology is revolutionizing the health care industry. People are striving for easy and compatible devices. During such times, a device and an application has been developed that collects ECG signals from the body and displays them on the mobile phone's screen respectively. The developed application is designed in android studio’s framework specifically for phones with android operating system and built-in audio jack. The electrical activity of the heart and the associated waveforms are recorded by placing electrodes on the skin. Since the bio signals are very low in voltage an ECG module, AD8232, acquires the bio signals, filters and amplifies them. AD8232 is powered by a rechargeable Lithium battery which provides a constant 3.3v by the use of a voltage regulation circuit. The output of AD8232, ECG signal, is sent to the mobile through the audio pin. The designed application, CardiCheck, displays the signals received on the microphone pin of the audio jack in a voltage waveform. These waveforms can then be used to study the patient's heart condition. This is a compact and user-friendly device that will allow ECG monitoring anytime, anywhere.Biomedical EngineeringHabiba Taher | 2018-BM-01
M. Aziz | 2018-BM-13
Dua Amjad | 2018-BM-14
Syed Mustafa Imam | 2018-BM-44
Electrical Engineering
TitleAreaAbstractProgram / DepartmentGroup Members
Delta 3D PrinterAerospace/AutomotiveElectrical EngineeringYasharah Jawed
Anas Arshad
Ayesha Siddique
Laser Engraving MachineWood/Glass EngravingElectrical EngineeringSyed Moiz Ali
Ahsan Abbas
Ali Zaib Khan
Dual Powered Electric Walking BikePower GenerationElectrical EngineeringSyed Ariz Ali
M. Arsalan Siddiqui
Afif Qaiser
220/132kV Auto Transformer Differential relay setting calculation study using GE P643 relayResearchElectrical EngineeringM. Atif khan Lodhi
Abdul Saboor
Suleman Ali
Design & Implementation of Smart Load Management SystemCompensate several voltage related problems in the power gridElectrical EngineeringMuhammad Sheikh
Muneeb ur Rehman
Saad Ali Khan
IoT Based Smart Prepaid Energy MeterInternet of ThingsElectrical EngineeringHaris Ali
Ali Wasif
Syed Mubashir
Designing of Alternator for Power GenerationPower GenerationElectrical EngineeringAbdul Hannan Tariq
Tariq Rehman K
Azhan Ahmed
EHT Network Stability Analysis of K-Electric Using ETAP SoftwareResearchElectrical EngineeringShahmir Shah
Faizan Amjad
DC Current SinkBatteries TestingElectrical EngineeringUzair Ahmed
Muhammad Arham
Robotic Arm Control Using Hand GestureIndustrial ProductionElectrical EngineeringTallal Ahmed
Ahsan Arain
Smart Automatic Car Parking SystemInternet of ThingsElectrical EngineeringAbdul Salam Gul
Aftab Ahmad
Automatic Apple Sorting & Quality Inspection SystemReal - Time ProcessingElectrical EngineeringSumair Ahmed C
Ghulam Qadir B
Asadullah Shaikh
Load Identification with the Help of Current / Voltage ProfileLoad Monitoring & Power Loss ManagementElectrical EngineeringZeeshan Shabbir
Rashid Sikander Ali
Muhammad Yousuf
M Jhanzaib
Rover RobotMilitaryElectrical EngineeringS Zuhair H Naqvi
Muhammad Hasan B S
Wajdan Ali
Hand Gesture Based Home AutomationHome AutomationElectrical EngineeringMuhammad Saud
Asif Ali
Shahab Uddin
MODBUS Data Concentrator & GatewayTelecommunicationsElectrical EngineeringAkshay Kumar
Raja Rohit Kumar
Muhammad Ali
Smart Water Supply Telemetry SystemWater MeasurementsElectrical EngineeringAli Bux
Naveed Zulfiqar
Nabeel Asghar
Voltage StabilizerProtection SystemsElectrical EngineeringSumair Jani
Baqir Ali
Portable Rapid Freezer (Compressor Free)Indusrty RefrigerationElectrical EngineeringHassan Ali
Adil Hasnain
Arees Ahmed
Talha Uddin
Design & Optimization of Grid Integrated Energy System for SSUET using HOMER SoftwareEnergy CapitalizationElectrical EngineeringMuhammad Usman
Mian Babar Abbasi
Tariq Hussain Mahar
Umair Pervaiz
Laser Head CutterSignage Cutting and EngravingElectrical EngineeringDanish
Telecommunication Engineering
TitleAreaAbstractProgram / DepartmentGroup Member
AI Based Degradation Trend Estimation of Aerial Bundle Cable For Efficient Preventive MaintenanceEnergy, ITAerial Bundle Cables (ABCs) are subjected to degradation due to various reasons, such as harsh environmental conditions including moisture, thermal, mechanical, and electrical loading conditions. Such degradation reduces the operational efficiency and life of the cables, which is a challenge for the power distribution industry and the associated maintenance managers. Condition monitoring offers a solution to this challenge as it enables cable health assessment and degradation state estimation. NDT techniques will facilitate condition health estimation. Suitable/appropriate degradation parameter selection helps in efficient and distinctive health/ condition assessment. Candidate parameters are as given: We will select a suitable degradation parameter on the basis of literature review and field survey. Also, Historical Database generation (periodic recording/ listing of Thermal Degradation Parameter/ Selected degradation parameter). This will lead us in the estimation of the degradation trend. Various prediction techniques can be applied for prediction of this degradation trend, these include data-driven, physical model-based, statistical and other approaches. Sophisticated AI based techniques will be used, is a manner to organize and use the knowledge efficiently in such a way that It should be perceivable by the people who provide it. This FYP focuses on implementing efficient AI based schemes for degradation trend estimation. This enables RUL estimation. This can be used by maintenance managers to efficiently plan maintenance activities.TelecommunicationSyed Muhammad Ali
Syed Sheraz Ahmed
Asif Ali
IoT Based Health Monitoring SystemHealth CareInternet of Things (IoT) is a new and fast growing technology in which everything ( smart objects and smart devices) are connected to the internet for effective communication between these connected things. Internet of things serves as a catalyst for the healthcare and plays very important role in wide range of healthcare monitoring applications. Networked sensors devices, either worn on the body or embedded in living environments, make possible the gathering of rich information to evaluate physical and mental health condition of the patient by collecting body temperature, blood pressure, ECG. Communicating this collected information to the doctor, making accurate decision on the data collected and notifying the patient is the challenging task in the Internet of things.TelecommunicationMujtaba Raza
Zarnaab Zahid Gill
Brain Tumor Detection by using a Convolutional Neural NetworkHealth CareThe group of cells is spread to other areas within the body, Tumor are frequently either destroy tissue or cause issues within the different parts of the body due to the pressure of the Tumor pretend on the brain. Brain tumors are generally grouped according to the type of cells included (such as meningioma, lymphoma, glioma, pituitary organ, etc.) or brain area, and brain anomalies may be fatal altogether, affecting the qualities of life span additionally changing the entire thing for patients additionally their family. The indications of the brain Tumor depend on their location, tumor rate, organization, and estimate. A few non-malignant tumors that develop gradually can be gotten to be very expansive, sometimes recently creating indications since there's no swelling of the brain tissues. Brain Tumor as an abnormality is classified in two categories: benign and malignant Tumor. Benign Tumor is non-cancerous cells, and in contrast, malignant Tumor is cancerous cells because benign tumors have a slower growth rate as compared to malignant Tumor can grow uncontrollably. The Percentage of death rate increased because of invasive features of the brain tumor. But the early detection of brain tumors might increase the survival rate of a human. Now different modern imaging modalities: X-ray screening, PET, MRI, CT scans, and ultrasound screening are used to identify tumors in medical applications. The United Nations (UN) made a commitment to ensure safe and affordable access to healthcare for every person in the world through the 3rd Sustainable Development Goal (SDG3). This goal will only be achievable with strong and efficient health systems that address the different categories of diseases in proportion to the epidemiological burden they represent.TelecommunicationAftab Ali Naich
Muhammad Sheryar
TitleAreaAbstractProgram / DepartmentGroup Member
To build an AI system using convolutional neural network (CNNs) and Python that can detect pneumonia from a Patient's X-ray imagesHealth CarePneumonia is a respiratory infection caused by bacteria or viruses; it affects many individuals, especially in developing and underdeveloped nations, where high levels of pollution, unhygienic living conditions, and overcrowding are relatively common, together with inadequate medical infrastructure. Pneumonia causes pleural effusion, a condition in which fluids fill the lung, causing respiratory difficulty. Early diagnosis of pneumonia is crucial to ensure curative treatment and increase survival rates. Chest X-ray imaging is the most frequently used method for diagnosing pneumonia. However, the examination of chest X-rays is a challenging task and is prone to subjective variability. In this study, we developed a computer-aided diagnosis system for automatic pneumonia detection using chest X-ray images. We employed deep transfer learning to handle the scarcity of available data and designed an ensemble of three convolutional neural network models. Chest X-Rays which are used to diagnose pneumonia need expert radiotherapists for evaluation. Thus, developing an automatic system for detecting pneumonia would be beneficial for treating the disease without any delay particularly in remote areas. Due to the success of deep learning algorithms in analyzing medical images, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have gained much attention for disease classification. In addition, features learned by pre-trained CNN models on large-scale datasets are much useful in image classification tasks. In this work, we appraise the functionality of pre-trained CNN models utilized as feature-extractors followed by different classifiers for the classification of abnormal and normal chest X-Rays. We analytically determine the optimal CNN model for the purpose. Statistical results obtained demonstrates that pretrained CNN models employed along with supervised classifier algorithms can be very beneficial in analyzing chest X-ray images, specifically to detect Pneumonia.BioinformaticsAreeba kamran,
Muhammad Abdullah
A Comparative Machine Learning Framework for Cardiovascular Disease ClassificationHealth CareCardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are primary disorders of the blood vessels that mainly affects the heart. It is mainly linked to lipid deposits in the arteries and rapid increase of the blood clots. It leads to destruction of the organ and arteries which is technically referred to as coronary disease for which it accounts for most of the organ damage. CVDs is the leading cause of death in Pakistan and around the globe. To overcome this hurdle, a web application will be developed with the combination of Cardiovascular Informatics, machine learning and web designing. The created web application will be able to examine user data and determine whether or not the user is dealing with CVDs based on machine learning algorithms. It will predict whether or not there may be heart issues and to make better choices if they can predict which algorithm would function best for disease prediction. Such information can offer patients insightful understanding that enables them to recommend their advance diagnostic testing to clinicians. For our proposed research we will obtain the text-based data from Kaggle and use machine learning algorithms such as using KNN, logistic, random forest and Naïve Bayes that will allow for the detection and classification prediction of cardiovascular condition. For back end programming Python have been used with the help of numerous libraries and then the front end interactive web application has been designed. We compared machine learning algorithms in our research as it is considered to be the best approach for uncovering hidden connections for classification and prediction. Comparative analysis will be performed on the algorithm to identify their accuracy. Naive Bayes and Logistic Regression results have proven to show that the best accuracy rates for classifying CVDs. This study will contribute in the treatment and prevention of CVDs in the field of medical informatics.BioinformaticsEraj Jawaid
Bushra Mashooq
Waliya Mustafa
Electronic Engineering
TitleAreaAbstractProgram / DepartmentGroup Member
IoT Based Automatic Irrigation SystemInternet of ThingsIrrigation consumes the bulk of the water extracted from various sources, and hence the efficiency of its use is of outmost importance. This paper reviewed the advancements made towards improving irrigation water use efficiency. Water irrigation helps to cultivate superior crops with the water supply as per need of the crops. Ultimately it helps in economic development. Irrigation water improves water conditions in the soil, increases the water content of plant fibers, dissolves nutrients & makes them available to plants. The review showed that improvements in irrigation infrastructure through modernization and automation have led to water savings. The concept of real-time control and optimization in irrigation is in its developmental stages but has already demonstrated potential for water savings. The project which we are working on, is based on Uno Arduino which controls the voltage and allow to supply power. The aims of irrigation modernization include water saving and improved water delivery, and reduced operating and labor costs, which leads to sustainable agricultural production and enhanced livelihoods of farmers.ElectronicsHIZBULLAH
IOT Based Mockup Clothes Folding MachineInternet of ThingsThe process of folding clothes is one of the activities carried out in the household, and the laundry business is one of the micro-enterprises that are mushrooming at this time. Business sectors use many strategies to increase productivity and customer satisfaction. Based on research, the process of ironing and folding clothes is a process that takes a long time compared to the washing and drying process, so a method or tool is needed to make folding clothes more practical. An IoT BASED MOCKUP CLOTHES FOLDING MACHINE is the perfect solution to make folding clothes more manageable and time-efficient. This tool has a pneumatic cylinder and a solenoid valve that moves the folding board faster than motors operation. The user only needs to hang the clothes on the vertical rack once and press the button to start the process. The slider will simply pick the clothes from the rack and put them on a machine to perform the folding operation. The Machine can also be controlled by the mobile app using IoT. Moreover, this project will be a helpful hand to the working women as well as for textile industries where at the same time, it saves energy, time and money. Last but not least, the Machine was expected to be prepared with low prices which affordable to all generations and friendly product to the customer.ElectronicsHASSAN WASEEM
IOT Based RO Plant IndustryInternet of ThingsDay by day the technologies are rapidly growing it started with industry 1.0 and now we are entering industry 4.0. Industry 4.0 is a concept that represents the adoption of techniques and processes allowed by Digitization, Cloud computing, the Internet of Things (IoT) in different industries and companies to gain competitive advantages in domestic and global markets. The industry is exploring the use of industry 4.0 to enhance the efficiency of plant operations, improve product quality, increase robustness according to customer demands, and penetrate to new markets. This manuscript presents the implementation of industry 4.0 concepts in RO plant industry to meet the market demand in less time. This manuscript also address the solution of technical issues related to the implementation of industry 4.0 especially describes the technical issues of IoT based control system in RO plants industry. In the RO plant industry various processes need to be controlled and monitored regularly. Thus, it becomes tedious job to handle the plant manually. Generally, in RO plants, we need a labor that puts bottle for filling but there is a chance of hygiene issues, waste of water and level of water filling is not proper. Usually Customer goes to shop and buy water; this is also a tiring job. We are entering technological era where to run industry without need to be physically presence so in this project, we develop a mobile Application for costumer ordering purpose. A robotic arm use for bottle pick and place and a conveyor use to move bottles from one point to another. Sensors are used to make this process structured and systematic. The whole process controlled by the controller. The response time of this system in peak time hours is accurate and satisfactory. This project can be most commonly use in low scale industries like in pharmaceuticals, paint industry, packaged water industry, soft drink industry, cooking oil industry etc. Using the concept of this project we can automate any industry with the help of IoT.ElectronicsM.Anus Khan
Sirat-e- Mustaqueem
MSami Siddiqui
Muzammil Habib
Online Fraud Detector Using Cutting Edge TechnologySecurity SystemThis research paper focuses to develop a real-time fraud detection system based on Block chain for citizens identity verification in transactions corresponding to the notary, registration, tax declaration and payment, basic health services and registration of economic activities, among others. To validate the user authentication, a biometric e-ID system is used to avoid spoofing and related attacks. Also, to validate the document a digital certificate is used with the corresponding public and private key for each citizen by using a user’s PIN. The proposed transaction validation process was implemented on a Blockchain system in order to record and verify the transactions made by all citizens registered in the electoral census, which guarantees security, integrity, scalability, traceability, and no-ambiguity. Additionally, a Blockchain network architecture is presented in a distributed and decentralized way including all the nodes of the network, database and government entities such as national register and notary offices. The results of the application of a new consensus algorithm to our Blockchain network are also presented showing mining time, memory and CPU usage when the number of transactions scales up.ElectronicsSYED HASAN BIN HAFEEZ
Smart Street Light Intensity Control ProjectControl SystemThis project is an intelligent control of Street lights to optimize the problem of power consumption of the streetlight, late in night. Currently, usual Street Lights are manual turn on when it becomes dark and turn off when it becomes bright, and it goes on its high beam this is huge waste of energy in the entire world. Loss of electricity is big problem in our country, so that’s why we researching to overcome the problem, it is a very useful research to control the loss of electricity. This is an automatic smart streetlight controlling using mobile application With the help of this project we can save electricity and you can use the saved electricity for something else. The mobile application is connected to Wi-Fi module and Bluetooth module which is directed by Arduino, ultra-sonic sensor and sense the motion of the object and starts the functionality and also controlled by the application. When you cross the sensor, the rest of the light goes dim automatically. The objective is to design a fully automatic smart Street lights that will be beneficial for society. This technology can also be good product for commercial uses. This project can reduce the manual controlling of Street lights. The project can also be controlled by Android App. In this project, two sorts of sensors will be utilized which is the light sensor like LDR and ultra-sonic sensor. The light distinguished will distinguish shadowiness to start the ON/OFF switch, so the streetlights will be set up to turn on and the ultra-sonic sensor will see the enhancement to prompt the streetlights. LDR, which changes agreeing to when the degree of light falls on its sur-face, this gives enrolments for whether it is a day or night.ElectronicsUmair Ali
Osama Ahmed
Salman Ahmed
Shaikh Ebad
Digital Parking SystemEmbedded SystemThe main reason of this project is to provide the solution which the people are facing during car parking. With the implementation of this project, patrons can easily locate and secure a vacant parking space deemed convenient to them. By the same sheath,they can also save more than 15 to 55 percent of fuel wastage in a car parking area to see theempty parking slot. Vehicle ingress and egress are also made more convenient. The rvationprocesses are happening by the user. Hence the user visit parking area using n android application through an internet access and find the empty parking slotand a eserve parking slot as per their preference. After reaching the parking area the application will also provide the user navigation to a vacant parking slot thus making i convenient and save fuel and time.The principle of operation of the park is the ultrasonic sensor, when the car comes in range of the sensor, the counter adds or subtracts one from the counter number on the app.This basically the model project which developed with the help of some sensor and othernecessary things which is required to develop proper parking system. The microcontrollerwe use in this project is ESP32. The requirements for the systems are obtained. Severalimplementations and some strategies are considered. There is some terminology relatedto strategies is explored and explained. Strategies are compared to inform choices thatwere made between them. And therefore, the Smart Car parking system is developedElectronicsM.YOUSUF
3D holography advertisement on vehicle using IoTInternet of Things3D holography advertisement on the vehicle is the new approach in out-of-home advertisement to reach the maximum number of people. In our project, the user has access control to display advertisements according to his requirement. The dvertisement industry is one of the largest industries of all time, everyone anywhere needs to promote their product in a more enchanting way, so our project is the best choice for them to promote their brands. It revolutionized old methods of vertisement in light of cutting-edge technology. We design an app that has different options such as selecting advertisement videos, playing and stopping the videos, it also displays the vehicle's location using the Neo6m GPS module. The user can access this app remotely as all the data is kept in an online server and can push or pull through it from nywhere that is IoT interfacing. When the user wants to display an ad, he needs an id and password to access our app, select an ad, then a request goes on our web server then the ads display on vertical LCD after processing time along with its hologram logo display on plane LCD. 3D hologram technology has great importance not only on marketing and advertising but also on our society, environment, and education, Our project aims to take out traditional advertisement methods and implement leading-edge technologies such as IoT, Hologram, Cloud-native and many others, because it is a need of the hitech world.ElectronicsZUNIRA SHAKEEL
Hazardous Material Handling RobotRoboticsThe use of industrial robots is growing in many areas such as consumer goods, wood, plastics and electronics, but is still mostly concentrated in the industries where the release of hazardous material involved. The aim of this project has been to develop a concept of a robotic hand made to look as a human hand, which is mounted on a mobile chassis. In this paper, a 6 Degree of freedom (DOF) Robot model is proposed in which robotic hand is fixed in front of the movable chassis. The robotic hand operate with the help of six servo motors in which four servo used for the movement of fingers and two for the wrist and arm movement. The load lifting test was done by carrying different loads until a threshold point was achieved. Experimental results exhibit that using the proposed model; the robotic arm can lift the load within the precision of 700 grams. The proposed model makes it possible to provide a long range to perform the functions by the robotic hand and the work to be performed such as lifting of objects, tilting and shifting can be done on a mini and large scale by alteration of size of the project as required.ElectronicsUmer Iqbal
Nabeel Akbar
Azha Moiz Khan
Implementation of wireless body area network based patient monitoring systemWireless NetworkingThe increase in chronic and heart diseases and just the increase in population will overwhelm the current hospital-centric healthcare. There is a growing interest by individuals to monitor their own physiology to control their own diseases. They are changing from the passive healthcare receiver to a proactive self-healthcare taker. The focus is shifting from hospital centered treatment to a patient-centric healthcare monitoring. In this current era, wearable monitoring and actuating is part of this change. Wireless networks technology has been consistently improving with time and increasingly finding its way into all aspects of our daily lives. Medical applications are a field where technologies such as Wireless Networking have a promising future.ElectronicsZUBAIR AHMED
Smart CorporationInternet of ThingsIn our project we are trying to make a Corporation Environment system smarter than what is it now-a-days. We have developed a system that will take care of opening and closing of Entrance Based on Bio-metric according to recorded data. We have developed a system that controls and monitor Electricity and Temperature of the Corporate Environment as per number of Person. Apart from that we have also developed a system which is web portal. Through this portal we can manage employees profile and also monitor usage of Electricity, Temperature and Humidity of Corporation. In Corporate Sector office automation is a challenging one not only for the developer but also to the consumer. Developer has to choose the component as per the customer requirement. Due to all the customer demands are not same hence they have to compromise with the existing products. Through detailed study of “Automation Using Internet of Thing”. This system is directed to support and deliver support in order to fulfil the needs of elderly and impuissant in Meeting Room Also, the main control system equipment’s wireless Wi-Fi technology to deliver Bio-metric access from Portal. The project remains subsist electrical switches and provides more safety control on the switches with low voltage activating method. The system planned to control electrical appliances and devices in Meeting Room with comparatively low cost design, user-friendly interface and easiness of installation. Here we are putting forward a design and progress of smart monitoring and controlling system for Meeting Room electrical appliances in real time. Also, reducing the unwanted losses of electrical energy and maintain temperature of the meeting room through our smart system which is “Smart Corporation”.ElectronicsHASSAN WASEEM
Roto-MaticAutomationThe major goal of this research is to produce an economical and hygienic chapatti machine. To develop this system, the process of roti making is analyzed in detail with traditional system and proposed system. There are many disadvantages in traditional roti making process. An automatic based system is designed which remove the human hand interaction to make it hygienic and there are four basic sections of this machine i e mixer, shaper, bread formation and oven. The mainly natural gas fuel is used by using partially distributed gas injection technique (PDGIT) which is very useful in gas optimization. PDGIT technique reduce the gas consumption and make it economical. In first step then mixer is used to mix the water and floor for certain time and produce the required softness in dough. The second step is to apply pressure on floor and cut at required size of dough then a circle shape disc is applied to that mitred dough to produce an uncooked roti in the required shape. Finally, the uncooked roti is proceeded to oven for cooking. The power consumption in mixer, shaper and bread formation motors are less then human labor costs. Therefore, overall it produces the economical roti or naan as compare to traditional way of roti making. The outcome of this machine is to maintain the thickness, weight and size of each roti or naan in limited time. The Objective of this project is to make locally manufactured and economical machine for small business.ElectronicsOSAMA SIDDIQUI
Smart GeneratorPower SystemsElectrical power networks are highly nonlinear, massive, and complicated networks.On the other hand, all the developed countries do not have a sufficient supply of power. At such emergencies generators are used for power supply. Generators are manually monitored and controlled by the operators and the process of monitoring and controlling a generator is not efficient. Cases had been reported where sites shut down for hours because of the careless and unprofessional practice of the operators, thereby imparting huge losses to thecompany. This issue has persisted and warrants careful consideration. As a result, we developed a remote monitoring and control solution to solve the operator's unprofessional behavior of monitoring and controlling numerous generators. The proposed system comprises both hardware and software.This system is developed to monitor generators without the need of somebody to monitor devices manually at regular intervals of time. This system will monitor devices, update status, alter controls, generate reports, and issue alarms for a variety of scenarios.All the monitoring and control will be done via a web application. Our project here monitors all the parameters such as Fuel level, fuel consumption, coolant levels, engine temperature, power generated, capacity utilization, running hours, Battery health,Body Temperature, and Oil levelof the generator and provides details to the authorized person in real-time. The acquired parameters are processed and monitored. If there is an abnormality in the process, according to some predefined instructions and values stored on the Microcontroller then the concerned person is alerted immediately.The obtained data is processed and saved in the system memory.Furthermore, our system allows you to turn your generators on and off from any location with an internet connection. In fact, you may even automate particular on and off periods using our solution. With this, sites can be sustained by monitoring the generators powering the Base Stations remotely and alerting the site operator accordingly.ElectronicsMAOOZ
Smart Electric BikeAutomationA significant contemporary phenomenon that may have a profound impact on mobility patterns of society is the emergence of the electrically assisted bike or what is more commonly known as the ‘e-bike’. The report produced by “” summarizes the worldwide production and sales of motorcycles (motorcycles, scooters, etc.), and provides an overview of the major motorcycle producing countries including India, China, and Asian countries such as Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. The total number of motorcycles produced in the world's major countries in 2020 is estimated to be at the level of 49 million units (estimated from statistics for each country). The market of two-wheeler vehicles in Pakistan is over 2 million units according to the Pakistan automobile Manufacturing Association (PAMA)[1]. In this great and booming market, our target is to design, develop and implement an Electric bike that can provide cheap and environment-friendly transport to hundreds of thousands of people. The advantage of such a project is two-fold, it can be very feasible to the masses as we aim to keep the cost of one kilometer under One Pakistani Rupee, and secondly, it can cut the usage of fossil fuels whose scarcity and the cost is growing as days are passing by. In 2019, Pakistan came in with a PM2.5 reading not only putting it into the unhealthy rating category but also into the 2nd place position out of most polluted countries in the world. PM2.5 refers to particulate matter that is 2.5 micrometers or less in diameter, roughly 3% the size of an average human hair. The major benefit of an electric vehicle is the contribution that it can make towards improving air quality in towns and cities. With no tailpipe, pure electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy, this reduces air pollution considerably. We aim to design such an electric bike that will way an affordable way of transportation with no carbon emissions.ElectronicsHUSSAIN QUEATA WALA
Self Driving RC Car Based On Artificial IntelligenceArtificial IntelligenceThe enlargement of Artificial Intelligence has served as the stimulant in the field of technology. We can now build things which was some time ago just an imagination, in which one of creation is self-driving car. This research represent the idea of monocular vision autonomous RC car using a Raspberry-Pi as Master device along with pi-cam module which is use to collect data from environment to the car which will then pass data to the raspberry-pi. To offer the necessary control to the automobile, many current algorithms such as stop sign, obstacle detection, and lane detection, traffic signal recognition are merged, as it would reduce the amount of focus necessary and the strain placed on the brain when driving, as well as the likelihood of accidents caused by careless or rebellious driving. Which enable lane detection to offer left, right, forward and stop steering function which is then followed by sending a signal from the Arduino to the L298 driver controller of RC car and as a consequence, without any human interaction, the automobile goes in the appropriate direction. The haar cascade classifier is used to detect signals and stop sign and monocular vision algorithms to calculate distance from them. As a result, this model will enable cost-effective autonomous driving through self-navigation via lane identification, halting at stop signs, red lights, and moving on green signals, as well as front collision avoidance. While Artificial intelligence will assist the system observe traffic regulations and navigate the automobile utilising machine learning models and smart object identification. Thus automation can help reduce the number of crashes on our roads. Government data identifies driver behavior or error as a factor in 94 percent of crashes, and self-driving vehicles can help reduce driver error. Higher levels of autonomy have the potential to reduce risky and dangerous driver behaviors.ElectronicsSYED AHMER ALI
Scada Based Smart Water Distribution SystemSCADA SystemSmart water distribution system is a technique by which we can easily monitor the supply of water, quantity, and quality of water throughout the specific area. In this paper, we proposed SCADA, PLC, IOT and NODEMCU based model by which we receive data from our home units through Wi-Fi system. This project contains two main stations. One is main unit and other is home unit. The main unit monitor the water level, water quality, flow of water and control the output of the system.For this purpose, we use different sensors while home unit only work as a salve, it only sends request to main unit for water. The main idea behind this project is to help the people, eliminate the wastage and shortage of water throughout the city. The project applications are that the system can be used in apartments and residential building. This can be used in cities and town where we can maintain the record of usage. It can be used in colleges and other educational organization to avoid the wastage of water according to the consumption.ElectronicsFARHAN HUSSAIN
Multiple Ground Robot Formations using Ant Colony OptimizationRoboticsMonitoring, Automation and System intelligence has become inevitable requirements now a days. As the time is passing, the demands of such features in the system are becoming obvious. It is of outmost importance that while designing the system, user requirements of that era must be met. Keeping all this in mind, a system based on Ant Colony Optimization algorithm that could provide a solution of monitoring with automation and intelligent solutions. Unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) have been used in many areas to automate the task with less user assistance. During this pandemics situation our project is very helpful in maintaining the social distance among people. For this instruct robots separately is very hard and time consuming in this project we instruct task only one robot and other 2 are just follow their leader robot. And secondly master find the shortest path of destination among multiple paths. They are to avoid the obstacles, reach to destination and keep informing the station about recent status. This project is based on multiple unmanned ground robots that are equipped with sensors, motors, communication modules and interfaces to receive and send data for required task. The whole scenario has been tested on formation of three robots in which one act as master and two become slave. The system contains Master Robot whose main task is to traverse all the available paths, find obstacles and calculate the shortest and easiest path, then it sends that information to Slave Robots so that they could choose to move shortest path while travelling towards destination.ElectronicsSOMIYA MANZOOR
Smart Shopping Trolley With Auto BillingEmbedded SystemNow a days shopping in supermarts and big stores is too much time consuming. The customer has to wait in long queues for his turn for billing. This almost gives headache to the customer and also waste his time. The billing process at the counter is time consuming and also need more human resource in the billing section. To tackle this problem, we have proposed a solution in which a smart shopping cart is used to overcome these problems. We designed the smart shopping trolley which can be used to develop market services and make them modern, healthy and easy to use. They can reduce the load on the client. The smart shopping trolley has a rfid scanner and lcd display, to add product simply scan with rfid module which can be used to scan the products and display the product information cost, name and the total bill. And if you don’t want to buy any product or just change your mind about that product you can simply subtract that product by scanning it with IR sensor. After purchasing the customer can pay the bill through online payment application of the respective store. This solution will save lot of their time and increase the consumer experience.ElectronicsShafia Khan
Shoaib Noor
Faez Liaquat
PLC Based Hydrolic And Pneumatic Trainer PanelControl SystemThis fast-growing electricity demand in Pakistan and other emerging countries has modelled a severe challenge to electricity distribution systems. Certainly, most of the distribution companies need to follow a trend of load shedding to face this difficulty. Load shedding is the “art” of handling the load request by shedding loads in critical conditions where the demand is greater than the total generation to avoid any failure in the system. Even though electricity utilities are advising users to decrease the amount of load throughout the peak hours in their monthly bills, the users are not eager or attentive of this. It is crystal clear that how tedious and dull it is to prompt the customers whatever the peak hours are, and physically switch off/on the heavy load throughout peak and off-peak hours. The predictable cost of the device is around 43$ and 28$ with and without Global System for Mobile Communications module for message tification. Furthermore, the distribution feeder has an accurate capacity to permit the load in peak hours afterward this is automatically shut down the entire feeder. In this thesis, the simulation nalysis of a single-family house is done for automatic load decrease during peak hours in Web based load management system. A hardware model is then designed and applied so as to authorize the projected control system. The results we obtained shows that the proposed system allows for an efficient peak shaving during peak hours. In addition, for some typical domestic and commercial consumers, the financial benefits are also calculated. It is concluded that the payback period of this device is almost 1 month if it reduces 50% of load during the 4-hour peak time. The suggested system may be applied as a single supplementary tool/span is already available energy meters and might be quickly be accepted by electric utilities mpanies of different developing countries in order to avoid the load shedding trend. In last if we used his proposed system in Pakistan it can help to reduce the load shedding in the country as well on the consumer end it decreases the amount of electricity bills so this device is for the etterment of the country and for the consumers as well.ElectronicsShafia Khan
Shoaib Noor
Faez Liaquat
Intelligent Classification Of Soil By Image ProcessingImage ProcessingSoil is an asset and foremost vital resource , provides nutrients for forest and crop. The project proposes an ‘intelligent classification of soil by image processing ‘ for Aerial analysis of inorganic soil components. This component distribution of soil plays direct role in influencing the suitability of soil for specific crops by trained data set of previous soil series classification, using machine learning algorithm. In this pro-active approach, the input to the Neural Network (NN) is hyperspectral data in the forms of multiple arrays. Images are classified using tensor flow from Convolutional Neural Network(CNN), Feature extraction is achieved by convolution and pooling. The compared data set identifies soil for crop on the basis of Ph level, potassium level, phosphate level and percentage of clay in the soil. Statistical evaluation of model performance involves root-mean-square error and r -square.
The Result shows better accuracy, when compared to manual and time consuming methods, with less computation time, of about 85%-95%.For jute with accuracy of Ph 89.6%,nitrogen 98%,potassium 100%,clay 77%.For corn crop Ph 92.8%,potassium 63%,clay 40%.For rice we have Ph as accurate as 92.3% and clay 87.6% with different datasets.
River Oil Cleaning CatamaranAutomationThe contamination of seas with garbage pollution is not an uncommon issue. Garbage like plastic, timber, foam and other floating materials are common in coastal areas. However, there is a simple solution for the cleanup process for this type of garbage. It can be picked up by nets or cleaning boats meant to pick up the garbage and clean the coastal areas. But there is another sort of wastage that can affect marine life as well as the state of the coastal seas. This is the oil spillage from the boats and ships or the industrial wastage dumped in the seas through the canals from the city. Whereas most garbage sinks inside the seas the nature of oil is that it floats above the water and because of this positive feature in an oil spill, the oil can be skimmed by using a mechanism that is able to pick the oil from the top of the water level and empty it in a collector bin. This is where the idea of an oil-skimming remote control boat comes into play. The river oil cleaning catamaran is a boat having twin hulls and in between the hulls, there is a conveyer belt that is placed vertically to pick up the oil. The oil sticks to the belt of the container and on the other side of the belt there is a scraper that scrapes the oil and the oil flows to a container. When the level of the container is filled up the rotation of the belt stops.ElectronicsFARZAND ALI
Sewage Cleaning RobotRoboticsThis robot is designed to replace human sewage cleaners in order to ensure their health and hygiene. The proposed robot is put over the manhole, its jaw goes into the manhole and cleans the blockage in the manhole.The robot operation is monitored and controlled manually by the sewage worker using the LCD present on the frame of robot or it can be controlled by the sewage worker through hissmartphone via an android application. The operator can monitor the insides of the pipe via a wireless camera attached to the robot. The robotic arm mechanism is used in order to loosen and clear the block.The controller which is used for operating the robot through the mobile application is ESP-32 this module is operated with a relay module. The relay module is used according to the required input and outputs It will help to replace human sewage cleaners with high tech robots in order avoid these unfortunate deaths and save their precious lives. This robot paves way for the sewage workers to monitor and clean the pipes without getting into the drainage. This will not lead to unemployment instead it helps the workers to finish their job easily with the help of robot. This ensures the health and hygiene of the sewage workers.ElectronicsSHEHRYAR KHAN
Metal Cutting & Engraving Machine Using Laser TechnologyEmbedded SystemThis paper describes a process of Laser Engraving by CNC Machine. In this process, material removal takes place from the top surface to a specified depth. In most industries heavy and large machinery used which occupies large space to deal with this problem The main motivation of this project is the new design development is based on small-scale laser cutting and engraving machine for small work rather than using a large industrial system which usually occupies a lot of space and very expensive system. In this project, low-cost open-source hardware and software are used. The Laser Engraver Machines depends on the principle of CNC with restricting limited area depending upon X, Y, and Z-Axes. Our main objective is to design Laser Engraver and to use open source software for controlling our Machine. The axes X and Y are controlled by two stepper motors while the Z-axis movement is also controlled with the Stepper Motor. In general, some different types of Lasers are used in the Laser Engraving Process like CO2 Laser, Neodymium Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Nd: YAG) laser, Fiber Laser, etc. But in this project, Laser Diode is used, also known as Injection Laser Diode. The experimental results of this project show successful engraving of a 3- inch square material surface and the machine produces the proper line engraved in the shape of a square. The line and corners are perfectly designed on the material sheet. The machine also provides us with proper outcomes with a high-quality surface finish.ElectronicsAli Ahmed
Fahad Khan
Osama Chisthi
IOT Based Smart Monitoring Gadget For VehicleInternet of ThingsIn this paper, An IoT based vehicle monitoring gadget is proposed. In Pakistan, transportation is a developing field where the number of vehicles expanding day by day. Therefore, maintaining records for vehicle parameters manually needs time and manpower. Sometimes keeping records manually for multiple vehicles can become complex and difficult for data analysis and comparative study. So, it is proposed this system to increase the efficiency and health of the vehicles. Therefore, IoT-Based Smart Monitoring Gadget for Vehicles is an accomplished one that manages to monitor and notify the vehicle’s few parameters through a mobile application, and cloud server. It is a smart gadget to secure and monitor your vehicle. The system is also acquainted with GPS and GSM modules to find vehicle locations and to communicate through cellular networks as well as a cloud server. This will allow the system to continuously keep track of vehicle location. Henceforth, this data will be used to find the location of the vehicle during an accident or theft.ElectronicsHAMMAD KHAN
Intelligent Controller SpectrophotometerEmbedded SystemA spectrophotometer is an instrument that measures the amount of light absorbed by asample. Spectrophotometry is a method to measure how much a chemical substanceabsorbs light by measuring the intensity of light as a beam of light passes throughsample solution. The basic principle is that each compound absorbs or transmits lightover a certain range of wavelength. This measurement can also be used to measure theamount of a known chemical substance. It is one of the most useful methods of quantitative analysis in various fields such as chemistry, physics, biochemistry, material and chemical engineering applicationsElectronicsAHMED KHAN
Raspberry Pi Based Surveillance Robot with Live Feedback & Motion DetectionRoboticsIn recent years, robots have affected many areas of safety and surveillance. The term “Surveillance” became a most needy thing in the recent world. The crime rate has been rising rapidly, but it cannot be ascertained due to lack of evidences. In this case, the surveillance robots can track many evidences. The current ongoing revolution of IoT is integrated with robots in various fields. The objective of the proposed method is to implement wireless robot for surveillance. The robot is capable to record the real-time streaming in daytime and night time as well through wireless camera. The robot will be controlled via application built on android platform. The main purpose of this project is replacing fixed surveillance system that lacks mobility and has a fixed field of vision (FOV). An android smartphone and raspberry pi microcontroller board is connected to an available Wi-Fi, an android smartphone sends a wireless command over the internet which is received by raspberry pi board and the robot will move accordingly. The video streaming is done using streamer program that gets video data and sends it through a HTTP session, The video is streamed at around 20 to 25 frames per second. The proposed system consists of a single unit, which will monitor the Environment for various hazardous conditions and provide video feedback.ElectronicsOSMA SIDDIQUI
Industrial IOT On Training Machine SystemIndustrial Internet of ThingsThis project revolves around creating industrial automation system prototype with the main focus being the ability to operate the Appliances/Machines through the internet. Here we propose the efficient Industrial Automation system called Industrial Internet of Thing (IIOT) that allows user to efficiently control industrial Appliances/Machines over the internet. The central device is a programmable logic controller (PLC) that connects to the Internet and receives an order to control Appliances/Machines. Before the advent of Industry 4.0, Industry 3.2 was used in industry this did not have remote access via the internet. Industry 4.0 is a technology that allows us to operate industrial appliance via the Internet. Initially, the design focuses of this prototype is to convert manual to IOT based automatic machine with help of PLC and other necessary tools like IOT based software .we automate the Aluminum Tube Trimming Machine. This machine is used in different companies such as medicine, chemical and other industries.ElectronicsAIZAZ AHMED
IOT Based Theft Control SystemInternet of ThingsINTRODUCTION Obstacle recognizing and voice controlling wheelchair with obstacles detection is designed to control a wheelchair using the voice of the client. The voice command is given to convert binary numbers by Voice Recognition Module (VR3) and those binary data is given to the arduino board for the control of the wheelchair. The result of this design will allow certain people to live with less dependence on other. The project uses Arduino Board XMEGA 2560 and DC motor to create the movement of the wheelchair. An improved version of this technology i.e. obstacle avoidance is being added by the use of ultrasonic sensors which will enable the client to call the wheelchair to the client's location. RESEARCH SIGNIFICANCE In general, the people with physical disability come from many reasons such as injury from accident, age and health problems. Therefore, wheelchair is needed to use when handicapped people would like to travel to any places by themselves. However, hands and arms must be used to operate the wheelchair. Consequently, people with hands and arms impairment finds difficult to use a typical wheelchair. These people need to get help from other people around to control the wheelchair and it will create a big problem when these people would like to travel alone. Therefore, the objective of this work is to design, develop and construct a voice controlled automatic wheelchair.ElectronicsZULKARNAIN HAIDER
IOT Based Home System AutomationInternet of ThingsNowadays every system is automated in order to face new challenges in the present day situation with flexibility, reliabilities and accuracy. Internet of Things (IoT) conceptualizes the thought of remotely connecting and operating live world objects (things) like home appliances through the web. This idea is often aptly incorporated to form it smarter, safer and automatic. This IoT project also focuses on building a wireless home security system which alerts the owner by using Internet just in case of any trespass and raises an alarm. The ideality obtained by preferring this technique over the other existing systems is that it alerts by sending notification and therefore the status sent by the Wi-Fi connected micro-controller managed system, can be received by the user on his phone from anywhere regardless of whether his mobile is connected to the web . The goal of the project to develop a system which uses Mobile technology that controls various units of the home appliances using WiFi module ESP8266 and trespassing / smoke alert is satisfactorily obtained.ElectronicsMUHAMMAD AKBAR
Optimization of Vehicle Assigning RouteImage ProcessingChange of lane is always critical for the safety purpose of drivers especially on highways. In this work, we proposed an approach to detect lane and vehicle's trajectory and use it for detecting lane changes of surrounding vehicles. In addition to this we also interfacing ambulance siren for detection with cat-eyes to clear the route for the ambulance in congestion and avoiding vehicle to collide with each other. With the help of the previous research it is estimated that approximately 90% of car crashes occurred due to human error to drive a vehicle zig-zag, so lane changes are majority factor among them. For making this possible we analyzed the different features of vehicle as a processed data and used machine learning algorithms and computer vision for making this possible. We will use Cat-Eyes, RGB sensors, Camera, Controllers and sonar as it’s hardware components.ElectronicsWALEED AHMED
IoT based WSN network for agricultural monitoringInternet of ThingsThe Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. A lot of work has been done in the domain of IoT ranging from weather reporting system to home automation. In this project we designed an IoT based smart Agricultural monitoring using Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). All nodes will gather various data from soil including temperature, humidity and soil moisture and will send data to a central system that could be a computer or a separate system. A user from there will not only be able to monitor data but will also be able to take decisions regarding irrigation, pest control, soil and crops analysis, to name a few. The future work could be extended to utilizing the similar data set on international level so a contemporary agriculture system could be developed.ElectronicsASHFAQ